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Robinson v. State

United States District Court, E.D. Missouri, Southeastern Division

September 4, 2019

HOSEA L. ROBINSON, Plaintiff,
v.
STATE OF MISSOURI, et al., Defendants.

          OPINION, MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          HENRY EDWARD AUTREY UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         This matter is before the Court on the motion of plaintiff Hosea L. Robinson for leave to commence this civil action without prepayment of the filing fee. The motion will be denied, and this case will be dismissed without prejudice to the filing of a fully-paid complaint.

         Plaintiff, a prisoner and a frequent filer of lawsuits, is subject to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g), which limits a prisoner's ability to obtain in forma pauperis status if he has filed at least three actions that have been dismissed as frivolous, malicious, for failure to state a claim, or on statute of limitations grounds. Section 1915(g) provides in relevant part:

In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action ... under this section if the prisoner has, on three or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action ... in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.

28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Section 1915(g) is commonly known as the “three strikes” rule, and it has withstood constitutional challenges. See Higgins v. Carpenter, 258 F.3d 797, 799 (8th Cir. 2001).

         Review of this Court's files reveals that plaintiff has accumulated three strikes. See Robinson v. City of St. Louis Division of Corrections, et al., No. 4:16-cv-1535-RWS (E.D. Mo. Dec. 30, 2016); Robinson v. State of Missouri, No. 4:18-cv-114-RLW (E.D. Mo. Jan. 29, 2018); Robinson v. State of Missouri, et al., No. 4:18-cv-1225-JAR (E.D. Mo. Oct. 24, 2018); and Robinson v. State of Missouri et al., No. 1:18-cv-297-NCC (E.D. Mo. Apr. 23, 2019). Therefore, he may proceed in forma pauperis in this action only if he is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.

         Plaintiff filed the original complaint on June 20, 2019, alleging generally that defendants were deliberately indifferent to his healthcare needs and that his constitutional rights were violated during his state court criminal proceedings.[1] On July 11, 2019, plaintiff filed an amended complaint. “It is well-established that an amended complaint supersedes an original complaint and renders the original complaint without legal effect.” In re Wireless Telephone Federal Cost Recovery Fees Litigation, 396 F.3d 922, 928 (8th Cir. 2005). In the amended complaint, plaintiff asserts that he wishes to bring a class action on behalf of all “chronically ill, disabled [inmates] under the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.” He asserts that he wishes to bring claims similar to those he brought in Robinson v. Missouri, No. 1:18-CV-297 NCC (E.D.Mo.).[2] Additionally, he alleges that his constitutional rights were violated during his state court criminal proceedings. He seeks injunctive relief.

         Neither the complaint nor the amended complaint contain non-conclusory allegations that plaintiff is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. He therefore may not proceed in forma pauperis in this action. As a result, the Court will deny plaintiffs motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis, and will dismiss this case without prejudice to the filing of a fully-paid complaint.

         Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiffs motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis [Doc. #2] is DENIED.

         IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiffs motion for injunctive relief [Doc. #7] is DENIED.

         IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this case is DISMISSED without prejudice to the filing of a fully-paid complaint. A separate order of dismissal will be entered herewith.

         IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiffs motion to appoint counsel [Doc. #9] is DENIED as moot.

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