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Gay v. City of St. Louis

United States District Court, E.D. Missouri, Eastern Division

July 24, 2018

LAVON GAY, Plaintiff,
CITY OF ST. LOUIS, et al., Defendants.



         This matter is before the Court upon the motion of pro se plaintiff Lavon Gay, an inmate at Eastern Reception Diagnostic and Correctional Center ("ERDCC"), for leave to commence this action without payment of the required filing fee. For the reasons stated below, the Court finds that the plaintiff does not have sufficient funds to pay the entire filing fee and will assess an initial partial filing fee of $30.93. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1). Furthermore, after reviewing the complaint, the Court will partially dismiss the complaint and will order the Clerk to issue process or cause process to be issued on the non-frivolous portions of the complaint.

         28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)

         Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1), a prisoner bringing a civil action in forma pauperis is required to pay the full amount of the filing fee. If the prisoner has insufficient funds in his or her prison account to pay the entire fee, the Court must assess and, when funds exist, collect an initial partial filing fee of 20 percent of the greater of (1) the average monthly deposits in the prisoner's account, or (2) the average monthly balance in the prisoner's account for the prior six-month period. After payment of the initial partial filing fee, the prisoner is required to make monthly payments of 20 percent of the preceding month's income credited to the prisoner's account. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2). The agency having custody of the prisoner will forward these monthly payments to the Clerk of Court each time the amount in the prisoner's account exceeds $10, until the filing fee is fully paid. Id.

         Plaintiff has submitted an affidavit and a certified copy of his prison account statement for the six-month period immediately preceding the submission of his complaint. A review of plaintiffs account indicates an average monthly deposit of $154.67. Plaintiff has insufficient funds to pay the entire filing fee. Accordingly, the Court will assess an initial partial filing fee of $30.93, which is 20 percent of plaintiff s average monthly deposit.

         Legal Standard on Initial Review

         Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e), the Court is required to dismiss a complaint filed in forma pauperis if it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. To state a claim for relief, a complaint must plead more than "legal conclusions" and "[t]hreadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action [that are] supported by mere conclusory statements." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). A plaintiff must demonstrate a plausible claim for relief, which is more than a "mere possibility of misconduct." Id. at 679. "A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Id. at 678. Determining whether a complaint states a plausible claim for relief is a context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common sense. Id. at 679.

         When reviewing a complaint under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e), the Court accepts the well-pled facts as true. Furthermore, the Court liberally construes the allegations.

         The Complaint

         Plaintiff brings this prisoner civil rights claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against defendants the City of St. Louis; the St. Louis Metropolitan Police Department; and Police Officers Curtis Anthony Ford, Andrew Michael Brown, Timothy Nolan, and Ellis C. Brown. Plaintiff states that on September 26, 2016, he was arrested for first degree assault of a law enforcement officer. While taking plaintiff into custody, Officer Timothy Nolan pointed his gun at plaintiff and demanded that he get on the ground. He then placed plaintiff in handcuffs and assisting Officers Andrew Brown, Curtis Ford, and Ellis Brown approached. The officers began assaulting plaintiff while he lay on the ground cuffed. Defendants Ellis Brown, Timothy Nolan, and Curtis Ford began kicking plaintiff in the face and head. Once additional officers arrived, plaintiff was taken to Barnes Hospital for treatment.

         Plaintiff alleges he suffered permanent physical and psychological trauma arising out of this event. For damages, he seeks facial reconstruction surgery, medical treatment, and $5 million.


         "The Fourth Amendment protects citizens from being seized through excessive force by law enforcement officers. To establish a constitutional violation under the Fourth Amendment's right to be free from excessive force, the test is whether the amount of force used was objectively reasonable under the particular circumstances." Thompson v. City of Monticello, Ark, ___ F.3d ___, 2018 WL 3322315, *2 (8th Cir. Jul. 6, 2018) (internal quotations and citations omitted). Relevant considerations are whether the suspect poses an immediate threat to the safety of the officers, and whether he is actively resisting arrest. Id.

         Here, plaintiff alleges he was handcuffed and lying on the ground when the officers began kicking him in the head and face. He was not posing any threat to the safety of the officers, and he was not actively resisting arrest. On initial review, the Court finds that plaintiff has stated a plausible Fourth Amendment violation against defendant Officers Timothy ...

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