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Drummer v. Corizon, LLC

United States District Court, E.D. Missouri, Eastern Division

July 19, 2018

CORIZON, LLC, et al., Defendants,



         This matter is before the Court on the motion to dismiss Count IV of Plaintiff's second amended complaint filed by Defendants Corizon, LLC., Reynal Caldwell, M.D., Brenda Mallard, M.D., Fe Fuentes, M.D., Beverly Hatcher, Roschell Norton, Richard White, Angie Wyatt, LaCinda Jones, and Danyelle Sullivan (hereafter referred to as “Corizon Defendants”). For the reasons set forth below, the motion will be granted.


         Plaintiff filed this pro se prisoner civil rights action on July 18, 2016. ECF No. 1. On November 10, 2016, the Court granted Plaintiff's request to appoint counsel, and on January 2, 2018, counsel filed an amended complaint.[1] ECF No. 54. The amended complaint contains allegations under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for violations of the Eighth Amendment and Plaintiff's right to due process, as well as a state law claim for negligence. On January 23, 2018, the Corizon Defendants filed their joint answer and affirmative defenses. ECF No. 60.

         The Corizon Defendants now move to dismiss Plaintiff's Missouri state law negligence claim contained in Count IV, which alleges that Plaintiff was a patient of the Corizon Defendants, who breached their duty to provide reasonable medical care and treatment for Plaintiff's right rotator cuff tear. In their motion to dismiss, the Corizon Defendants assert that Plaintiff failed to file the requisite expert affidavit within the time limits set by Missouri statute. Plaintiff responds that filing the affidavit has been impossible due to the Corizon Defendants' own unwillingness to provide Plaintiff with their Rule 26 disclosures or other discovery.


         For a plaintiff to survive a motion to dismiss, “a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.' ” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). “Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice.” Id. The reviewing court must accept the plaintiff's factual allegations as true and construe them in the plaintiff's favor, but the court is not required to accept the legal conclusions the plaintiff draws from the facts alleged. Id.; Retro Television Network, Inc. v. Luken Commc'ns, LLC, 696 F.3d 766, 768-69 (8th Cir. 2012).


         Section 538.225, Missouri Revised Statutes, requires a plaintiff to file an affidavit attesting to the merits of any action against a health care provider. Devitre v. Orthopedic Ctr. of St. Louis, LLC, 349 S.W.3d 327, 331 (Mo. 2011) (en banc). The relevant portions of Section 538.225 provide:

1. In any action against a health care provider for damages for personal injury or death on account of the rendering of or failure to render health care services, the plaintiff or the plaintiff's attorney shall file an affidavit with the court stating that he or she has obtained the written opinion of a legally qualified health care provider which states that the defendant health care provider failed to use such care as a reasonably prudent and careful health care provider would have under similar circumstances and that such failure to use such reasonable care directly caused or directly contributed to cause the damages claimed in the petition.
5. Such affidavit shall be filed no later than ninety days after the filing of the petition unless the court, for good cause shown, orders that such time be extended for a period of time not to exceed an additional ninety days.
6. If the plaintiff or his attorney fails to file such affidavit the court shall, upon motion of any party, dismiss the action against such moving party without prejudice.

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 538.225.

         “The language of section 538.225 unambiguously requires: (1) plaintiffs to file an affidavit in medical negligence cases; and (2) trial courts to dismiss without prejudice any such action if the affidavit is not filed.” Tracy v. SSM Cardinal Glennon Children'sHosp., No. 4:15-CV-1513 CAS, 2016 WL 3683000, at *2 (E.D. Mo. July 12, 2016), appeal dismissed (Nov. 30, 2016) (citing Lang v. Goldsworthy, 470 S.W.3d 748, 751 (Mo. 2015) (en banc)). Upon a well-taken motion under the statute, dismissal is mandatory, not discretionary. Thomas v. Miller, 447 S.W.3d 667 (Mo.Ct.App. 2014) (citing SSM Health Care St. Louis v. Schneider, 229 S.W.3d 279, 281 (Mo.Ct.App. 2007)). The statute applies to dismiss Missouri state law ...

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