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Martin v. The Cincinnati Incsurance Co.

United States District Court, E.D. Missouri, Eastern Division

May 31, 2018

ANTHONY MARTIN, Plaintiff,
v.
THE CINCINNATI INSURANCE CO., Defendant.

          MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          RONNIE L. WHITE UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         This matter is before the Court on Plaintiffs Motion to Compel (ECF No. 25), Plaintiffs Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 30), and Plaintiffs Second Motion to Compel (ECF No. 34). Also pending is Defendant's Daubert Motion to Exclude the Expert Opinions of Frank Jacobs (ECF No. 35) The motions are fully briefed and ready for disposition. The Court will address each motion separately.

         I. Background

         This case stems from a motor vehicle accident on September 17, 2015, in which Plaintiff was driving a company van and was struck by an unknown vehicle that caused the accident and left the scene. (First Am. Compl. ¶¶ 3-7, ECF No. 14) On that date, Defendant The Cincinnati Insurance Company ("Cincinnati") had a policy of insurance issued to Stiarwalt Electric Inc. ("Stiarwalt") insuring a 2008 Ford E-350 model van and providing uninsured motorist coverage. (Id. at ¶ 4) The unidentified and at-fault motorist is considered an uninsured motorist under the terms of the policy. (Id. at ¶¶ 8-10) As the driver of the insured vehicle, Plaintiff is a covered person for uninsured motorist benefits under the policy. (Id. at ¶ 11)

         In his First Amended Complaint, Plaintiff alleges that he performed all required conditions under the terms of the policy but that Cincinnati has failed and refused to pay uninsured motorist benefits to compensate Plaintiff for his injuries resulting from the accident. (Id. at ¶ 14) Plaintiff contends that he has sustained serious and permanent injuries to his head, neck, back, and shoulders, including multiple spinal fractures, constituting a permanent disability. (Id. at ¶¶ 15, 17) He further alleges that he has endured pain and suffering, incurred medical expenses, sustained a loss of income, and will likely incur future medical expenses and income loss due to his injuries. (Id. at ¶¶ 16, 18) Plaintiff claims that Defendant Cincinnati's refusal to pay uninsured motorist benefits constitutes a breach of contract (Count I) and a vexatious refusal to pay under Mo. Rev. Stat. § 375.296 (Count II). (Id. at ¶¶ 14, 20) Plaintiff seeks compensatory and vexations refusal damages.

         II. PlaintifFs Motion for Summary Judgment

         Plaintiff filed a motion for summary judgment, asserting that no genuine issue of material fact exists with respect to Plaintiffs claim for breach of contract for failure to pay uninsured motorist benefits in accordance with the insurance policy and Plaintiffs claim for vexatious refusal to pay said benefits. Defendant responds that genuine issues of material fact remain as to Plaintiffs alleged damages in this case, and his employability in particular, such that summary judgment is not warranted.

         Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(c), a court may grant a motion for summary judgment only if all of the information before the court show "there is no genuine issue of material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c). See Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, Ml U.S. 317, 322 (1986). The court must view the evidence and all reasonable inferences in the light most favorable to the non-moving party. Hutson v. McDonnell Douglas Corp., 63 F.3d 771, 775 (8th Cir. 1995).

         The moving party has the initial burden to establish the non-existence of any genuine issue of fact that is material to a judgment in its favor. City of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa v. Associated Elec. Co-op., Inc., 838 F.2d 268, 273 (8th Cir. 1988). Once this burden is discharged, if the record does in fact bear out that no genuine dispute exists, the burden then shifts to the non-moving party, who must set forth affirmative evidence and specific facts showing there is a genuine dispute on that issue. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 249(1986).

         When the burden shifts, the non-moving party may not rest on the allegations in its pleadings, but by affidavit and other evidence must set forth specific facts showing that a genuine issue of material fact exists. Fed. R. Civ .P. 56(e). The non-moving party "must do more than simply show that there is some metaphysical doubt as to the material facts." Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 586 (1986). In fact, the non-moving party must present sufficient evidence favoring the non-moving party which would enable a jury to return a verdict for that party. Anderson, 477 U.S. at 249; Celotex, 477 U.S. at 324.

         A. Breach of Contract

         Plaintiff argues that he is entitled to summary judgment on his breach of contract claim because there is no dispute that Plaintiff is entitled to uninsured motorist benefits under the insurance policy and that Defendant has failed to pay. To establish a claim for breach of contract under Missouri law, a Plaintiff must demonstrate "(1) the existence and terms of a contract; (2) that plaintiff performed or tendered performance pursuant to the contract; (3) breach of the contract by the defendant; and (4) damages suffered by the plaintiff." Keveney v. Missouri Military Acad., 304 S.W.3d 98, 104 (Mo. 2010) (citation omitted). Here, Defendant asserts that a genuine dispute exists as to whether Defendant breached the contract with Plaintiff. Further, Defendant contends there is a genuine dispute with respect to the amount of damages.

         The Court agrees that Plaintiff has not established that Defendant breached the contract. The record shows that Defendant has not denied Plaintiffs claim. Instead, the parties continue to argue over the proper amount owed to Plaintiff. Defendant asserts, and Plaintiff does not dispute, that Plaintiff has demanded $1 million in compensatory damages and has refused settlement offers up to $350, 000. (Def.'s Response p.3-4, ECF No. 43) In his reply brief, Plaintiff offers no case law in support of his proposition that in breach of contract litigation, a Defendant may only avoid breaching its contractual obligation as a matter of law by paying what Defendant determines is owed and then continuing to trial on the amount of additional damages. The Court declines to adopt this unsupported theory and finds that a genuine issue of material fact remains with regard to Plaintiffs breach of contract claim. Thus, the Court denies Plaintiffs motion for summary judgment on Count I of the First Amended Complaint.

         B. Vexatious ...


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