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State v. Wilson

Court of Appeals of Missouri, Eastern District, Fifth Division

September 12, 2017

STATE OF MISSOURI, Respondent,
v.
ALI R. WILSON, Appellant.

         Appeal from the Circuit Court of St. Louis County 14SL-CR00171-01 Honorable Tommy W. DePriest, Jr.

          OPINION

          JAMES M. DOWD, CHIEF JUDGE.

         Ali R. Wilson pleaded guilty in the Circuit Court of St. Louis County to one count of the class D felony of animal abuse. The court sentenced Wilson to one year of confinement in the county jail. Subsequently, Wilson filed a Rule 29.07(d)[1] motion to withdraw his guilty plea. The court denied it without an evidentiary hearing, and Wilson now appeals.

         Arguing that the court clearly erred in denying his Rule 29.07(d) motion without an evidentiary hearing, Wilson raises one point on appeal: that plea counsel rendered ineffective assistance by failing to advise Wilson that he could have filed a motion to suppress evidence acquired during the seizure of Wilson's dogs pursuant to an administrative search warrant, and that there was a reasonable probability that it would have been successful. We affirm because even if we accept Wilson's assertions as true, they do not entitle him to relief because the trial court did not clearly err.

         Factual and Procedural Background

         On January 6, 2014, an alarm system located at Wilson's residence sounded and St. Louis County police officers responded. While at the residence on Wood Poppy Drive, the officers observed a large number of dogs on the property. As a result, on January 7, 2014, one of the investigating officers applied to the St. Louis County municipal court for an administrative search warrant[2] of Wilson's residence. The affidavit supporting the application described the officers' appearance and observations at the residence the previous day. The affidavit also averred that on several previous occasions St. Louis County police officers had observed a large number of dogs on the property, and that the county had received numerous complaints and had issued numerous notices of violations referencing these animals. The administrative warrant was issued and executed on January 7, 2014, and pursuant to the search of Wilson's residence, St. Louis County Animal Control seized eleven dogs. Later, a criminal search warrant was applied for and issued and pursuant to that warrant the dogs were transferred from Animal Control to the Humane Society of Missouri.

         Following an Animal Control veterinarian's examination of the animals-but before the issuance and execution of the criminal search warrant--the State charged Wilson by complaint with the class D felony of animal abuse in violation of § 578.012[3]. The State alleged that on January 7, 2014, Wilson had eleven dogs in his custody and knowingly failed to provide adequate care for the animals, and that previously, on September 5, 2003, he had pleaded guilty to animal abuse in St. Louis County. The State subsequently filed an amended information charging Wilson as a persistent offender. In the amended information, the State reduced from eleven to six the number of dogs it alleged Wilson abused.

         Wilson pleaded guilty. The two attorneys who represented him through his plea advised him that a constitutional challenge to the administrative search would likely fail. Prior to sentencing, Wilson dismissed these two attorneys and replaced them with counsel who filed Wilson's Rule 29.07(d) motion to withdraw his plea. Further facts, as relevant, are provided below.

         Standard of Review

         We review for clear error or abuse of discretion the denial of a Rule 29.07(d) motion to withdraw a guilty plea. McCoy v. State, 456 S.W.3d 887, 890 (Mo.App.W.D. 2015). The defendant bears the burden of proving such error by a preponderance of the evidence. Id. at 891.

         Discussion

         We first address the question of our jurisdiction to review the denial of Wilson's Rule 29.07(d) motion. Contrary to the State's arguments, the denial of a post-sentencing motion to withdraw a guilty plea is appealable. McCoy v. State, 456 S.W.3d 887, 892 (Mo.App.W.D. 2015) (citing, inter alia, Jack v. State, 354 S.W.3d 659, 659 (Mo.App.S.D. 2011)). Although the Missouri Supreme Court held in State v. Larson, 79 S.W.3d 891, 893 (Mo.banc 2002) that the denial of apre-sentencing motion to withdraw a guilty plea does not count as a final judgment and thus is not appealable, "Missouri appellate courtfs] have repeatedly exercised jurisdiction over appeals from the denial of motions to withdraw guilty pleas under Rule 29.07(d), where the motions were filed subsequent to the defendant's sentencing." McCoy, 456 S.W.3d at 892. We adhere to those authorities and consider Wilson's appeal.

         Rule 29.07(d) provides that to correct a manifest injustice, a court may, even after sentencing, set aside a judgment of conviction and permit a defendant to withdraw his guilty plea. McCoy, 456 S.W.3d at 892. In filing his Rule 29.07(d) motion to withdraw his plea, Wilson claimed that he suffered manifest injustice because plea counsel rendered ineffective assistance. To be entitled to post-conviction relief for ineffective assistance of counsel, a movant must demonstrate by a preponderance of the evidence that (1) his counsel failed to exercise the level of skill and diligence that reasonably competent counsel would have exercised in a similar situation, and (2) that he was prejudiced by that failure. Dorsey v. State, 448 S.W.3d 276, 286-87 (Mo.banc 2014) (citing Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 687 (1984)).

         Wilson contends that reasonably competent counsel would have advised him that he could have filed a successful motion to suppress evidence from the seizure of his dogs pursuant to the execution of the administrative search warrant in this case. But we find that reasonably competent counsel would not have so advised Wilson. There is no evidence in the record to support Wilson's argument that a ...


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