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Pierce v. Colvin

United States District Court, W.D. Missouri, Southwestern Division

September 12, 2017

SUSAN D. PIERCE, Plaintiff,
CAROLYN COLVIN[1], Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.



         Before the Court is Plaintiff Susan D. Pierce (“Plaintiff”)'s appeal seeking judicial review of a final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security (“Commissioner”) denying her disability insurance benefits and supplemental security income. The decision of the Commissioner is AFFIRMED.

         Standard of Review

         The Court's review of the Commissioner's decision to deny disability benefits is limited to determining if the decision “complies with the relevant legal requirements and is supported by substantial evidence in the record as a whole.” Halverson v. Astrue, 600 F.3d 922, 929 (8th Cir. 2010) (quoting Ford v. Astrue, 518 F.3d 979, 981 (8th Cir. 2008)); see also 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). “Substantial evidence is less than a preponderance of the evidence, but is ‘such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind would find adequate to support the [Commissioner's] conclusion.'” Grable v. Colvin, 770 F.3d 1196, 1201 (8th Cir. 2014) (quoting Davis v. Apfel, 239 F.3d 962, 966 (8th Cir. 2001)). In determining whether existing evidence is substantial, the Court takes into account evidence that both supports and detracts from the Administrative Law Judge's (“ALJ”) findings. Cline v. Colvin, 771 F.3d 1098, 1102 (8th Cir. 2014) (quotation marks omitted). “If the ALJ's decision is supported by substantial evidence, [the Court] may not reverse even if substantial evidence would support the opposite outcome or [the Court] would have decided differently.” Smith v. Colvin, 756 F.3d 621, 625 (8th Cir. 2014) (quoting Davis, 239 F.3d at 966). The Court does not re-weigh the evidence presented to the ALJ. Guilliams v. Barnhart, 393 F.3d 798, 801 (8th Cir. 2005) (citing Baldwin v. Barnhart, 349 F.3d 549, 555 (8th Cir. 2003)). The Court should “defer heavily to the findings and conclusions of the [Commissioner].” Hurd v. Astrue, 621 F.3d 734, 738 (8th Cir. 2010).


         By way of overview, the ALJ determined that Plaintiff suffered from the following severe impairments: disorder of the cervical spine, attention deficit disorder, learning disability not otherwise specified, major depressive disorder, bipolar mood disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder with agoraphobia, posttraumatic stress disorder, borderline personality disorder, alcohol dependence, and Xanax dependence. The ALJ also acknowledged that Plaintiff has been diagnosed with impairments that are not severe and three rule-out mental health diagnoses. However, the ALJ found that none of Plaintiff's impairments, whether considered alone or in combination, met or medically equaled the criteria of one of the listed impairments in 20 C.F.R. § 404, Subpt. P, App. 1 (“Listing”). Despite Plaintiff's limitations, the ALJ found that Plaintiff retained the residual functional capacity (“RFC”) to perform light work with several exceptions and limitations. Based on Plaintiff's RFC, the ALJ found Plaintiff was capable of performing her past relevant work as a cleaner/housekeeper. Alternatively, the ALJ found that there are other jobs that exist in significant numbers in the national economy that Plaintiff can perform. Therefore, the ALJ found Plaintiff was not disabled as defined in the Act from March 26, 2013 through the date of the ALJ's decision.

         On appeal, Plaintiff alleges errors related to whether the ALJ: (1) properly found Plaintiff did not meet the adaptive functioning requirement of Listing 12.05(C), (2) properly weighed the opinion of Nurse Practitioner Barbara Kuzara, and (3) properly formulated Plaintiff's RFC.

         To meet the requirements of Listing 12.05(C)[2], a claimant must demonstrate, among other things, “significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning with deficits in adaptive functioning initially manifested . . . before age 22.” Scott v. Berryhill, 855 F.3d 853, 856 (8th Cir. 2017) (citing 20 C.F.R. Pt. 404, Subpt. P, App. 1, § 12.05(C)) (internal quotations omitted). Substantial evidence (including evidence that Plaintiff takes care of three children by assisting them with getting ready for school, preparing meals, and putting them to bed; does the laundry and cleans the house; has a driver's license and shops for food; is able to pay bills; sometimes attends doctor's appointments alone; and has no problem with bathing, feedings, and toileting) supports the ALJ's finding that Plaintiff did not demonstrate adaptive function deficits. See Scott, 855 F.3d at 856-857 (finding that an individual who did not complete high school, had a history of attending special education classes, read poorly, could not balance a checkbook, could not manage finances or complete forms without assistance, but who was able to maintain unskilled and semi-skilled work for multiple years, generally lived independently, communicated well, had a driver's license, could cook meals, do laundry, and follow instructions, did not show deficits in adaptive functioning). Because the ALJ's decision is supported by substantial evidence, the Court cannot reverse even though there is some evidence (Plaintiff dropped out of high school; was enrolled in special education classes; had trouble with reading, writing and math; had never maintained a savings account and could not manage a checkbook or count change; and did not handle stress well) that may support the opposite conclusion. Additionally, the Court finds that the ALJ properly weighed the opinion of Nurse Practitioner Barbara Kuzara[3]and properly formulated Plaintiff's RFC.[4]


         Having carefully reviewed the record before the Court and the parties' submissions on appeal, the Court concludes that substantial evidence on the record as a whole supports the ALJ's decision.

         IT IS THEREFORE, ORDERED that the decision of the Commissioner is AFFIRMED.



[1] Nancy A. Berryhill became acting commissioner of Social Security on January 23, 2017; however, for consistency purposes, the case style in this action ...

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