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Nicaragua v. Colvin

United States District Court, E.D. Missouri, Eastern Division

July 14, 2015

HUGO NICARAGUA, Plaintiff,
v.
CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

RONNIE L. WHITE, District Judge.

This matter is before the Court on Plaintiffs Motion for Appointment of Counsel (ECF No. 3). Plaintiff filed a Complaint for Judicial Review of Decision of the Commissioner of Social Security on March 27, 2015. Upon review of the motion the record before the Court, Plaintiffs motion will be denied.

"Indigent civil litigants do not have a constitutional or statutory right to appointed counsel.'" Davis v. Scott, 94 F.3d 444, 447 (8th Cir. 1996) (quoting Edgington v. Missouri Dep't of Corr., 52 F.3d 777, 780 (8th Cir. 1995)). When determining whether to appoint counsel for an indigent plaintiff, the Court should consider the factual and legal complexity of the case, the existence of conflicting testimony, and the ability of the indigent person to investigate the facts and present her claim. Id. (citing Swope v. Cameron, 73 F.3d 850, 852 (8th Cir. 1996)).

Upon review of Plaintiff's Complaint, Defendant's Answer, and the Administrative Transcript, the Court finds that appointment of counsel is not warranted in this case. First, the facts of this case are not complex. Plaintiff seeks judicial review of the denial of is application for Disability Insurance Benefits and Supplemental Security Income benefits, claiming that the final decision of the Commissioner was not based on substantial evidence because Plaintiff was constantly in pain and experienced irregular bowl movements 10 times a day. The undersigned notes that Defendant has submitted the administrative record in this cause, which includes the transcript of the hearing before the ALJ and the medical records upon which the ALJ relied in rendering the decision. In light of this record, the undersigned anticipates no conflicting testimony.

Additionally, review of the administrative record and the Complaint demonstrates that Plaintiff is able to identify his impairments and the impact of those impairments on his ability to work, along with other factors relevant to disability determination. Plaintiff seeks review of an adverse determination by the Social Security Administration, and such review requires this Court to determine "whether the ALJ's decision complies with the relevant legal requirements and is supported by substantial evidence in the record as a whole.'" Halverson v. Astrue, 600 F.3d 922, 929 (8th Cir. 2010) (quoting Ford v. Astrue, 518 F.3d 979, 981 (8th Cir. 2008)); see also 42 U.S.C. ยง 405(g) ("The findings of the Commissioner of Social Security as to any fact, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive..."). A challenge to such an adverse ruling does not involve overly complex issues of law. Because the factual nature and the legal issues of this case are not complex, the undersigned finds that at this time Plaintiff is able to adequately present his claims to the Court.

Accordingly,

IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiffs Motion for Appointment of Counsel (ECF No. 3) is DENIED without prejudice.


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