Court of Appeals of Missouri, Eastern District, Third Division
February 24, 2015
M. P. P., Respondent,
R. R. E., Appellant
Appeal fro the Circuit Court of St. Louis County. 12SL-DR05874. Honorable John N. Borbonus.
Michael L. Jackson, Jackson, MO, for appellant.
Deborah C.M. Henry, Katherine E. Henry, St. Louis, MO, for respondent.
Gary M. Gaertner, Jr., Judge. Kurt S. Odenwald, P. J., concurs. Robert G. Dowd, Jr., J., concurs.
Gary M. Gaertner, Jr., Judge
R. R. E. (Mother) appeals from the judgment of the trial court in this paternity and child custody case. She argues the trial court erred in failing to make findings of fact as required under Section 452.375.6 RSMo. (Cum. Supp. 2005), and the parenting plan and name change were not in the best interest of the child. We reverse and remand to the trial court.
Mother and M. P. P. (Father) were both living in St. Louis, Missouri, where they were involved in an off-and-on relationship that resulted in Mother's pregnancy. Mother gave birth to B.R.S.E. (the Minor Child), on August 1, 2012. Following the birth of the Minor Child, Mother relocated from St. Louis to Cape Girardeau to live with her mother. Father moved for a determination of paternity, name change, and order of custody and support. He requested joint legal and physical custody. Mother counter-filed for paternity, custody, and support. She requested sole legal and physical custody.
After a contested hearing, the trial court issued its judgment and decree of paternity, in which the court stated that because " Nile parties have not filed a request for Findings of Fact or Conclusions of Law..., the Court hereinafter makes only such findings as it deems necessary to state the grounds for its decisions, if any, as required by Rule 73.01(c)." The court then held that, " [Waving considered all relevant factors," it was in the best interest of the Minor Child that Mother and Father share joint legal and physical custody; ordered that Father pay Mother $786.00 per month for child support, retroactive to the date of filing; and ordered that the Minor Child's birth certificate be amended to change her last name from Mother's to Father's surname. The court attached a parenting plan designating Father's address in the Ritenour School District the Minor Child's address for mailing and educational purposes. For custody, the court ordered a 2-2-3 schedule, where Mother had custody of the Minor Child on Monday and Tuesday, Father had custody on Wednesday and Thursday, and the parties alternated weekends, Friday through Sunday. The court further ordered that the custody exchanges would occur at the Ste. Genevieve County Sheriff's Department until the Minor Child began attending kindergarten, at which point the exchanges would occur at the Minor Child's school or Father's residence.
Mother moved to amend the judgment, arguing, among other things, the judgment did not make written findings as required under Section 452.375.6. The court denied the motion. The court then entered an amended judgment on other grounds, but still did not include written findings. This appeal follows.
Mother raises three points on appeal. She argues in her first point that the trial court failed to make the required findings
under Section 452.375.6, In her second and third points, she argues the trial court's parenting plan establishing a 2-2-3 custody division and the court's order changing the Minor Child's last name from Mother's to Father's surname were not in the best interests of the child. Because the first point is dispositive, we do not reach the second and third points.
Section 452.375.6 provides that if the parties have not agreed to a custodial arrangement, then the court shall include written findings in the judgment based on the public policy set forth in Section 452.375.4 and on each of the factors listed in Section 452.375.2(1)-(8), detailing the specific relevant factors that made a particular custody arrangement in the best interest of the child. Missouri courts have repeatedly emphasized the importance of these written findings in a custody proceeding.
See e.g., Buchanan v. Buchanan, 167 S.W.3d 698, 701 (Mo. bane 2005) (reversing and remanding to trial court for new hearing after court's failure to make required findings);
Speer v. Colon, 155 S.W.3d 60, 61 (Mo. bane 2005) (same); Wood v. Wood,
391 S.W.3d 41, 47 (Mo. App. W.D. 2012). Because the legislature has mandated these findings, the burden is on the trial court to issue written findings regardless of whether the parties have requested findings pursuant to Rule 73.01.
Buchanan, 167 S.W.3d at 701. The purpose of this requirement is to allow for meaningful appellate review.
Wood, 391 S.W.3d at 47.
The issue of custody here was contested, and thus the court was required to issue written findings under Section 452.375.6. The trial court's judgment, however, did not make written findings detailing which of the specific relevant factors from Section 452.375.2 it considered in determining that the 2-2-3 custody arrangement was in the best interest of the Minor Child. Without knowing the basis for the trial court's decision, appellate review is impossible and the judgment must be reversed.
Point one is granted.
The judgment is reversed and the cause is remanded. After determining the issues on remand, the trial court shall make the required findings in accordance with Section 452.375.6 and take whatever other action is appropriate.
Kurt S. Odenwald, P. J., concurs.
Robert G. Dowd, Jr., J., concurs.