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Emmons v. Bank of America, N.A.

United States District Court, W.D. Missouri, Western Division

February 9, 2015

CHARLES EMMONS, Plaintiff,
v.
BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., PRLAP, INC., and OCWEN FINANCIAL CORPORATION, Defendants.

ORDER

FERNANDO J. GAITAN, Jr., District Judge.

Currently pending before the Court is defendant Bank of America, N.A.'s ("BANA") and Ocwen Financial Corporation's ("Ocwen") Motion for Default Judgment (Doc. # 37), Charles Emmons' Motion to Set Aside Dismissal of First Amended Petition (Doc. # 41), Judith A. Kuhlman's Motion for Leave to File Answer Out of Time and in Opposition to Motion for Default Judgment (Doc. # 43) and Bank of America's Motion to Withdraw its Motion for Default Judgment (Doc. # 45).

I. BACKGROUND

On June 7, 2013, plaintiff proceeding pro se, filed a "Petition to Remove Lien" in the Clay County District Court. Plaintiff states in his petition that "pursuant to Missouri Statute 428.120 plaintiff petitions Clay County District Court to direct the lien claimants, ex parte, to appear before the court within ten business days following the date of service of the petition and order on the lien claimant, and show cause, if any, why the claim of lien should not be declared void and other relief provided by section 428.125 should not be granted."

Plaintiff alleges that Judith Kuhlman and her deceased husband (Paul W. Kuhlman) owned the subject property. Plaintiff states that on May 1, 2013, he contacted Judith Kuhlman about the property located at 3000 N.E. 76th Street, Gladstone, Missouri. Plaintiff states he agreed to make all necessary repairs to the property in exchange for equity in the property. Plaintiff states that a search of county records revealed that there were three liens filed against the property. One was from Bank of America titled "Deed of Trust, " dated 12/4/2007 and filed 2/27/2008. It stated that "[t]he lien [on] this Deed of Trust shall not exceed at any one time $165, 243.12." The two other liens were tax liens. Plaintiff states that he agreed to take a Quitclaim Deed to the property and assume any and all responsibility for liens on the property, finish repairs at his own expense and assist Judith Kuhlman in other matters. Plaintiff states that he and Mrs. Kuhlman believe that her deceased spouse, Paul Kuhlman, intended the mortgage to be in Mr. Kuhlman's name only. Plaintiff asserts that Mrs. Kuhlman believes that her signature on the Deed of Trust "appears forged." Plaintiff alleges that Judith Kuhlman quitclaimed her interests in the property to him on June 1, 2013 and he filed the quitclaim with the Clay County Recorder of Deeds on June 3, 2013. Defendants removed the case to federal court on October 28, 2013. On February 20, 2014, the Court granted the parties' Joint Motion for a sixty day stay of proceedings in the case. On April 10, 2014, the parties filed a Joint Status Report indicating that they were not able to resolve the case and in order to fully resolve the case, they needed to add the borrower as a party to the case. On May 5, 2014 Bank of America filed a counterclaim against plaintiff Charles Emmons and a third-party complaint against Judith Kuhlman and other entities. Plaintiff filed a First Amended Complaint on June 19, 2014. On July 7, 2014, Bank of America filed a Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Claim. Plaintiff failed to respond within the time allowed and on August 12, 2014 the Court issued an order to show cause to plaintiff why the matter should not be dismissed. On September 3, 2014, the Court dismissed plaintiff's Complaint without prejudice for failure to prosecute and failure to respond to the Order to Show Cause. On September 23, 2014, Bank of America filed a Motion for Default Judgment against Judith Kuhlman as to the third-party petition. On October 1, 2014, plaintiff filed a motion to set aside the dismissal of the First Amended Petition. On October 10, 2014, counsel for defendant Judith Kuhlman filed a Motion for Leave to File her Answer Out of Time. On October 15, 2014, Third-Party Plaintiff Bank of America filed a Motion to Withdraw its Motion for Default Judgment against defendant Kuhlman. On October 16, 2014, Third-Party Plaintiff Bank of America filed a response indicating that it had no opposition to defendant Kuhlman's Motion for Leave to File Her Answer Out of Time. On January 26, 2015, the parties filed a Joint Status Report and a Motion to Extend Discovery Deadlines.

II. DISCUSSION

A. Motion for Default Judgment/Motion to Withdraw

Third-party plaintiff Bank of America initially filed a Motion for Default Judgment against third-party defendant Judith Kuhlman on September 23, 2014. However, due to on-going efforts to resolve this case, Bank of America has now moved to withdraw its Motion for Default Judgment. Accordingly, the Court hereby GRANTS Bank of America's Motion to Withdraw its Motion for Default Judgment (Doc. # 45). The Court hereby ORDERS that Bank of America's Motion for Default Judgment (Doc. # 37) be STRICKEN from the record.

B. Motion for Leave to File Answer Out of Time

On May 5, 2014, Bank of America filed a Counterclaim and Third-Party Petition. The Third-Party Petition asserted four claims against Judith Kuhlman: Reformation of Instruments for Mutual Mistake, Quiet Title, Judicial Foreclosure pursuant to Mo.Rev.Stat §443.190 and Breach of Contract. Ms. Kuhlman was served with the thirdparty petition on May 18, 2014. Due to confusion on her part, Ms. Kuhlman states that she believed that her interests were being protected by the claims and defense of Charles Emmons. Ms. Kuhlman states that her actions in not filing an Answer were due to inadvertence, mistake and excusable neglect. Third-party plaintiff Bank of America filed a response indicating that it had no opposition to the Motion for Leave to File An Answer Out of Time. Accordingly, for good cause shown and with no opposition indicated, the Court hereby GRANTS Third-Party Defendant Kuhlman's Motion for Leave to File An Answer Out of Time (Doc # 43). Third-Party Defendant Kuhlman shall file a response to Bank of America's Third-Party petition on or before February 17, 2015.

C. Emmons' Motion to Set Aside Dismissal of First Amended Petition

On June 19, 2014, plaintiff, Charles Emmons, filed a First Amended Petition to Remove Lien and Quiet Title and in the Alternative for Compensation Quantum Meruit (Doc. # 27). On July 7, 2014, Bank of America and Ocwen Financial Corporation filed a Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Claim. Plaintiff's response to the Motion to Dismiss was due on or before July 24, 2014. On August 12, 2014, the Court issued an Order directing plaintiff to show cause on or before August 20, 2014, why the First Amended Petition should not be dismissed for failure to prosecute. On September 3, 2014, the Court dismissed plaintiff's First Amended Complaint without prejudice for failure to respond to the Motion to Dismiss or the Order to Show Cause. On October 1, 2014, plaintiff filed a Motion Seeking to Set Aside the Dismissal of the First Amended Petition.

In the motion, plaintiff's counsel, William Quitmeier, states that "[w]hen this case was being asked to be removed to Federal Court [plaintiff] asked William M. Quitmeier to enter his appearance for the pro se Plaintiff. William M. Quitmeier advised the Plaintiff that he was unfamiliar with Federal Court procedures, but would assist him to object to the removal." (Motion to Set Aside Dismissal, ¶ 2). Plaintiff's counsel also states: "[a]ny failure of Plaintiff to respond to orders to show cause was not intentional, but under the mistaken belief that while the matter was in serious settlement talks prompted by Court ordered mediation, the Defendant Bank of America and Plaintiff were jointly keeping the court apprised of the progress of the case and settlement negotiations. Plaintiff and Defendant Bank of America felt the court was being kept advised." (Motion, ¶ 9). Finally, plaintiff's counsel states that "[i]f the Plaintiff missed an electronically filed order to show cause, then this was inadvertent in an era of transition to paperless document production in the court systems. The remedy of dismissal under these circumstances is excessively harsh because many of us continue in a learning process regarding this evolution." (Motion, ¶ 11).

In opposition, defendants argue that plaintiff has not demonstrated mistake, inadvertence or excusable neglect as required under Fed.R.Civ.P. ...


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