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Hatfield v. Missouri Department of Corrections

United States District Court, E.D. Missouri, Eastern Division

November 18, 2014



RODNEY W. SIPPEL, District Judge.

This matter is before the Court upon the motion of Billy Hatfield (registration no. 1129862), an inmate at Tipton Correctional Center, for leave to commence this action without payment of the required filing fee. For the reasons stated below, the Court finds that the plaintiff does not have sufficient funds to pay the entire filing fee and will assess an initial partial filing fee of $1.07. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1). Furthermore, after reviewing the complaint, the Court will partially dismiss the complaint and will order the Clerk to issue process or cause process to be issued on the non-frivolous portions of the complaint.

28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)

Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1), a prisoner bringing a civil action in forma pauperis is required to pay the full amount of the filing fee. If the prisoner has insufficient funds in his or her prison account to pay the entire fee, the Court must assess and, when funds exist, collect an initial partial filing fee of 20 percent of the greater of (1) the average monthly deposits in the prisoner's account, or (2) the average monthly balance in the prisoner's account for the prior six-month period. After payment of the initial partial filing fee, the prisoner is required to make monthly payments of 20 percent of the preceding month's income credited to the prisoner's account. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2). The agency having custody of the prisoner will forward these monthly payments to the Clerk of Court each time the amount in the prisoner's account exceeds $10, until the filing fee is fully paid. Id.

Plaintiff has submitted an affidavit and a certified copy of his prison account statement for the six-month period immediately preceding the submission of his complaint. A review of plaintiff's account indicates an average monthly deposit of $5.35, and an average monthly balance of $0.48. Plaintiff has insufficient funds to pay the entire filing fee. Accordingly, the Court will assess an initial partial filing fee of $1.07, which is 20 percent of plaintiff's average monthly deposit.

28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)

Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B), the Court must dismiss a complaint filed in forma pauperis if the action is frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. An action is frivolous if it "lacks an arguable basis in either law or fact." Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 328 (1989); Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 31 (1992). An action is malicious if it is undertaken for the purpose of harassing the named defendants and not for the purpose of vindicating a cognizable right. Spencer v. Rhodes, 656 F.Supp. 458, 461-63 (E.D. N.C. 1987), aff'd 826 F.2d 1059 (4th Cir. 1987). A complaint fails to state a claim if it does not plead "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007).

The Complaint

Plaintiff, an inmate at the Tipton Correctional Center ("TCC"), brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for alleged constitutional violations that took place at the Northeast Correctional Center ("NCC"), the Farmington Correctional Center ("FCC"), and the TCC over the past five years. Named as defendants are the Missouri Department of Corrections; Corizon, Inc.; Unknown Cabrera (Medical Doctor at NCC); Unknown Wudell (Medical Doctor at FCC); Unknown Hardman (Medical Director at TCC);[1] and Jane Doe Nurses.

Plaintiff alleges that, while incarcerated in NCC, he experienced extreme back pain which defendant Cabrera only treated with over-the-counter medication. Plaintiff alleges that neither defendant Cabrera, nor the nursing staff, despite being aware of his condition, prescribed any sort of physical therapy or provided him with a medical lay-in so that he could stop working.

According to plaintiff, he was transferred to FCC in August 2010, and there experienced the same back pain but was similarly denied treatment or relief by defendant Wudell. Plaintiff notes that he was not disabled and that, although he probably should not have, he did exercise. However, he asserts that the exercise seemed to alleviate the pain. Plaintiff claims that he collapsed in April 2011 and was taken to the infirmary where he was injected with a steroid in his lower back. According to plaintiff, an MRI was performed and he was diagnosed with degenerate disc disease spondylosis and stenosis of the spine.

Plaintiff asserts that a doctor in Jefferson City performed a surgery in May 2011. According to plaintiff, he now suffers from permanent motor skills weakness and nerve problems.

Plaintiff is suing defendants in both their individual and ...

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