United States District Court, E.D. Missouri, Southeastern Division
September 29, 2014
GARY DEE BICE, Plaintiff,
ANDREA COTNER, Defendant.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
STEPHEN N. LIMBAUGH, Jr., District Judge.
This matter is before the Court upon the motion of Gary Dee Bice (registration no.177348), an inmate at Southeast Correctional Center ("SECC"), for leave to commence this action without payment of the required filing fee. For the reasons stated below, the Court finds that plaintiff does not have sufficient funds to pay the entire filing fee and will assess an initial partial filing fee of $5.08. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1). Furthermore, based upon a review of the complaint, the Court finds that the complaint should be dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B) and for lack of subject matter jurisdiction under Fed.R.Civ.P.12(h)(3).
28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1)
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1), a prisoner bringing a civil action in forma pauperis is required to pay the full amount of the filing fee. If the prisoner has insufficient funds in his or her prison account to pay the entire fee, the Court must assess and, when funds exist, collect an initial partial filing fee of 20 percent of the greater of (1) the average monthly deposits in the prisoner's account, or (2) the average monthly balance in the prisoner's account for the prior six-month period. After payment of the initial partial filing fee, the prisoner is required to make monthly payments of 20 percent of the preceding month's income credited to the prisoner's account. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2). The agency having custody of the prisoner will forward these monthly payments to the Clerk of Court each time the amount in the prisoner's account exceeds $10, until the filing fee is fully paid. Id.
Plaintiff has submitted an affidavit and a certified copy of his prison account statement for the six-month period immediately preceding the submission of his complaint. A review of plaintiff's account indicates an average monthly deposit of $25.42, and an average monthly balance of $0.03. Plaintiff has insufficient funds to pay the entire filing fee. Accordingly, the Court will assess an initial partial filing fee of $5.08, which is 20 percent of plaintiff's average monthly deposit.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B), the Court must dismiss a complaint filed in forma pauperis if the action is frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. An action is frivolous if it "lacks an arguable basis in either law or fact." Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 328 (1989); Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 31 (1992). An action is malicious if it is undertaken for the purpose of harassing the named defendants and not for the purpose of vindicating a cognizable right. Spencer v. Rhodes, 656 F.Supp. 458, 461-63 (E.D. N.C. 1987), aff'd 826 F.2d 1059 (4th Cir. 1987). A complaint fails to state a claim if it does not plead "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007).
Plaintiff, an inmate at SECC, brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 alleging violations of his civil rights. He asserts that defendant Andrea Cotner has taken his money from him during his incarceration. Plaintiff has not identified Ms. Cotner's title, or whether he knew Ms. Cotner from his incarceration or before. However, plaintiff states in his "Statement of Claim" section of his complaint that Ms. Cotner "got stuff in [his] last name and... she would go to the ATM and get all my money out and we are not married." Such pleading leaves the Court to surmise that Ms. Cotner was personally known to plaintiff prior to his incarceration.
Section 1983 imposes liability on government actors acting under color of state law. 42 U.S.C. § 1983. As noted above, it appears that Ms. Cotner is not a state actor, but rather someone plaintiff has acquaintance with outside of the prison system.
"Private actors may incur section 1983 liability only if they are willing participants in a joint action with public servants acting under color of state law." Johnson v. Outboard Marine Corp., 172 F.3d 531, 536 (8th Cir.1999). To state a claim against a private actor under § 1983, a plaintiff "must establish, at the very least, an agreement or meeting of the minds between the private and state actors, and a corresponding violation of the plaintiffs' rights under the Constitution or laws of the United States." Id. Plaintiff has not made any allegations that defendant Cotner was acting in concert with a state actor when she allegedly stole money from him. As such, she cannot be held liable under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Further, the Court notes that plaintiff has failed to state any other jurisdictional grounds for filing this action in federal court. Plaintiff does not set forth any laws or constitutionally-protected rights that defendant Costner allegedly has violated. See 28 U.S.C. § 1331. Moreover, subject matter jurisdiction does not exist under 28 U.S.C. § 1332, given that both plaintiff and defendant Costner are Missouri residents, and the amount in controversy has not been pleaded as exceeding $75, 000. As such, the case is also subject to dismissal for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff's motion to proceed in forma pauperis [Doc. #2] is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the plaintiff shall pay an initial filing fee of $5.08 within thirty (30) days of the date of this Order. Plaintiff is instructed to make his remittance payable to "Clerk, United States District Court, " and to include upon it: (1) his name; (2) his prison registration number; (3) the case number; and (4) that the remittance is for an original proceeding.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this action is DISMISSED pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B) and for lack of subject matter jurisdiction under Fed.R.Civ.P.12(h)(3).
An Order of Dismissal will accompany this Memorandum and Order.