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Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. v. Game On Bar and Grill, LLC

United States District Court, E.D. Missouri, Eastern Division

July 18, 2014

GAME ON BAR AND GRILL, LLC, d/b/a GAME ON BAR AND GRILL, et al., Defendants.


AUDREY G. FLEISSIG, District Judge.

The matter is before the Court on the motion of Plaintiff Joe Hand Promotions, Inc. for default judgment. Plaintiff, an international distributor of sports and entertainment programming, brings this action alleging violations of the Communications Act of 1934, 47 U.S.C. § 605 (Count I), the Cable & Television Consumer Protection and Competition Act, 47 U.S.C. § 553 (Count II), and common law claim of conversion under Missouri law (Count III).

Plaintiff alleges that Defendant Game On Bar and Grill, LLC, d/b/a Game On Bar and Grill, a commercial establishment located in Saint Louis, Missouri, and Tasha L. Henderson, an individual, unlawfully intercepted and exhibited a nationwide broadcast of Ultimate Fighting Championship 128: Mauricio Rua v. Jon Jones (the "Program") for which Plaintiff alleges it held exclusive domestic distribution rights. (Doc. No. 1.) Upon consideration of the motion and the applicable law, the Court will enter default judgment against Defendants on Plaintiff's complaint.

Plaintiff filed suit on March 15, 2013. On April 1, 2013, Plaintiff served Defendant Tasha L. Henderson with the summons and complaint in this action. (Doc. No. 5.) On June 19, 2013, Plaintiff served Defendant Game On Bar and Grill, LLC with said summons and complaint. (Doc. No. 15.) Defendants have not filed an answer or other responsive pleading. On Plaintiff's motion, the Clerk of Court entered default against Defendant Tasha L. Henderson on June 4, 2013, and against Defendant Game On Bar and Grill, LLC on July 26, 2013. (Doc. Nos. 11 and 17.) On June 14, 2013, the Court ordered Plaintiff to file a motion for default judgment within 14 days. (Doc. No. 12.) Plaintiff requested and was granted additional time to file its motion for default judgment but failed to do so within the time allowed. (Doc. No. 13.) Therefore, on May 29, 2014, the Court ordered Plaintiff to show cause why the matter should not be dismissed for failure to prosecute. (Doc. No. 18.) On June 4, 2014, Plaintiff timely filed the instant motion for default judgment with supporting documentation, seeking statutory damages under 47 U.S.C. §§ 553 & 605 in the amount of $170, 000, as well as attorney's fees, costs, and post-judgment interest. (Doc. Nos. 19 and 20.)

Plaintiff alleges damages in the amount of $170, 000 on the basis of an affidavit submitted in support of their motion for default judgment. Doc. No. 22-1. Plaintiff's representative attests that it has experienced a decline in the sales of its proprietary programming, and that in response, Plaintiff has retained, at considerable expense, auditors and law enforcement personnel in order to detect and identify commercial establishments which unlawfully intercept and exhibit its programming. Plaintiff asserts that the unlawful interception and exhibition of its programming has resulted in a substantial loss of revenue, and that such conduct has "a detrimental effect upon lawful residential and commercial customers... whose costs of service are increased significantly by these illegal activities." Doc. No. 22-1 at ¶10. Plaintiff further states that Defendant's actions were necessarily willful, and requests damages in this amount to deter similar conduct in the future.

I. Facts

In the course of its business, Plaintiff purchases the distribution rights for sports and entertainment programming and grants limited exhibition rights to bars, restaurants and other commercial establishments in exchange for licenses fees. Plaintiff purchased the exclusive rights to distribute the Program in the United States and encrypted the Program for interstate transmission to restrict its availability to authorized users under Plaintiff's license agreements. On April 4, 2011, an investigator hired by Plaintiff observed the exhibition of the Program at Defendants' commercial establishment. Defendants had not purchased a commercial license for the Program from Plaintiff, and Plaintiff alleges that Defendant must have illegally intercepted and exhibited the Program. Because the Program is transmitted in an encrypted format, Plaintiff further alleges that that Defendants' unauthorized interception and exhibition of the Program could not have been inadvertent and asserts instead that Defendants' actions were willful.

II. Standard for Default Judgment

Default judgments are disfavored in the law. United States ex rel. Time Equip. Rental & Sales, Inc. v. Harre, 983 F.2d 128, 130 (8th Cir. 1993). Moreover, their entry is discretionary. Taylor v. City of Ballwin, 859 F.2d 1330, 1332 (8th Cir. 1988). Prior to the entry of a default judgment, a court should satisfy itself that the plaintiff is entitled to judgment by reviewing the sufficiency of the complaint and the substantive merits of the plaintiff's claim. Jenkins v. E. Asset Mgmt., LLC, No. 4:08-CV-1032 CAS, 2009 WL 2488029, at *2 (E.D. Mo. Aug. 12, 2009).

The liability of a defendant is established upon entry of default, and therefore once default is entered, a plaintiff is not required to establish its right to recover. Brown v. Kenron Aluminum & Glass Corp., 477 F.2d 526, 531 (8th Cir. 1973). A party seeking damages under a default judgment must, however, prove its rights to such damages with affidavits or other supporting documentation. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(b)(6) (stating that "[a]n allegation-other than one relating to the amount of damages-is admitted if a responsive pleading is required and the allegation is not denied"); see also Everyday Learning Corp. v. Larson, 242 F.3d 815, 818 (8th Cir. 2001) (holding that "[w]hen a default judgment is entered on a claim for an indefinite or uncertain amount of damages, facts alleged in the complaint are taken as true, except facts relating to the amount of damages, which must be proved in a supplemental hearing or proceeding") (citations omitted).

III. Discussion

In Count I of its complaint Plaintiff alleges a violation of 47 U.S.C. § 605 and seeks statutory damages in the amount of $110, 000. Section 605 prohibits a "person receiving, assisting in receiving, transmitting, or assisting in transmitting, any interstate or foreign communication by wire or radio [from] divulg[ing] or publish[ing] the existence, contents, substance, purport, effect, or meaning thereof." Upon review of the allegations in Plaintiff's complaint the Court concludes that Plaintiff has established Defendant's liability under 47 U.S.C. § 605.

Similarly, in Count II of its complaint Plaintiff alleges a violation of 47 U.S.C. § 553 and seeks statutory damages in the amount of $60, 000. 47 U.S.C. § 553 prohibits "intercepting or receiving any communications service offered over a cable system, " and upon review of the complaint the Court is satisfied that Plaintiff also has established its right to recovery under 47 U.S.C. § 553.

In its motion for default judgment, Plaintiff references the claim of conversion alleged in Count III, but makes no specific request for damages. The Court will enter judgment for Plaintiff on all three ...

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