United States District Court, E.D. Missouri, Eastern Division
July 7, 2014
MYLES E. CURTIS, Petitioner,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
STEPHEN N. LIMBAUGH, Jr., District Judge.
This matter is before the Court on review of Myles E. Curtis' application for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Petitioner is currently incarcerated at FCI-Memphis, Tennessee.
Petitioner states that, following a jury trial, he was convicted of conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute methamphetamine in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846. On May 10, 1991, he was sentenced to a term of forty years' imprisonment. The conviction and sentence were affirmed on appeal. In the instant action, petitioner seeks relief from his sentence on the ground that "the District Court violated his due process rights... when it sentenced him to an enhanced term of imprisonment based on elements of his offense that were not submitted to nor found by the jury." See Alleyne v. United States, 133 S.Ct. 2151 (2013). For relief, petitioner seeks resentencing.
Petitioner's request for relief pursuant to § 2241 will be denied. First, this Court does not have jurisdiction to entertain the instant action, because petitioner is not located in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri's judicial district, and the person having custody over him, the warden at FCI-Memphis, cannot be reached by service of process. See Braden v. 30th Judicial Circuit Ct. of Kentucky, 410 U.S. 484, 495 (1972).
Second, even if petitioner or his custodian were located in this district, petitioner's § 2241 application would be denied. A challenge to a federal conviction or sentence is most appropriately brought as a motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. See United States v. Hayman, 342 U.S. 205, 217 (1952). Moreover, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit has held that a writ of habeas corpus may issue under § 2241 only if it appears that the remedy by means of filing a § 2255 motion is inadequate or ineffective. See United States v. Lurie, 207 F.3d 1075, 1077 (8th Cir. 2000). In the instant action, petitioner summarily claims that his remedy under § 2255 is inadequate. Specifically, he states, "Petitioner further argues that § 2241 is the appropriate remedy for him to seek relief due to § 2255 being inadequate to bring the claim" [Doc. #1-1, p. 3]. The Court finds that petitioner's summary statement is insufficient to establish the inadequacy or ineffectiveness of remedy by a § 2255 motion.
In addition, the Court notes that petitioner previously brought a § 2255 motion to vacate that was dismissed as time-barred. See Curtis v. United States, No. 1:01-CV-107-SNL (E.D. Mo.). It may be that petitioner styled the instant action as a § 2241 petition in an effort to avoid characterization as a successive § 2255 motion; however, a § 2255 motion is not inadequate simply because it is successive. See Triestman v. United States, 124 F.3d 361, 376 (2d Cir. 1997) (the "inadequate or ineffective" provision in § 2255 does not mean that habeas corpus is preserved whenever a federal prisoner faces a substantive or procedural barrier to § 2255 relief).
For these reasons, the Court will dismiss the instant § 2241 petition.
In accordance with the foregoing,
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that petitioner's petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 is DENIED, without prejudice.
A separate Order of Dismissal will accompany this Memorandum and Order.