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September 7, 1993



Shrum, Parrish, Montgomery

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Shrum

The defendant, Markel Dean Austin, was convicted by the court of driving while intoxicated in violation of § 577.010, RSMo 1986, and sentenced to six months in the county jail and fined $500. The court suspended execution of the term of incarceration and $200 of the fine. The defendant appeals contending the trial court had no jurisdiction. We affirm.


From the legal file and the transcript of the defendant's December 17, 1992, trial, we summarize facts germane to the defendant's points on appeal.

On May 22, 1992, at approximately 10:15 p.m., Missouri State Highway Patrol Sergeant Ronald T. Berry observed a pickup truck operated by the defendant weaving across the center line and onto the shoulder of Missouri Highway 51 in Butler County. Berry stopped the pickup truck, administered field sobriety tests to the defendant, and transported him to the Butler County jail, where Berry completed a multi-copy, preprinted Uniform Complaint & Summons, substantially similar in form and content to Supreme Court Form 37.A. A Uniform Complaint & Summons is commonly referred to as "a traffic ticket." For convenience, we will refer to the one involved in this case as "the ticket."

Berry used an "x" on the preprinted ticket to indicate the defendant "Did unlawfully operate" his vehicle. In the portion of the ticket that calls for a description of the violation, Berry wrote, "Intoxicated driving 1st offense," and indicated the defendant's actions were "in violation of 577.010 RSMo" and he placed an "x" in the box next to the term "DWI/BAC." Following this description of the violation and beneath the preprinted statement, "The above complaint is true as I verily believe," is the signature "R.T. Berry". Beneath Berry's signature are preprinted "Sworn to before me this date" and "Name & Title," which are followed respectively by the signature "C Bowman, D.C." and "5-26-92." Berry, however, testified he did not take an oath concerning the ticket. At the bottom of the ticket is the preprinted "On information, undersigned prosecutor complains and informs court that above facts are true as he verily believes" followed by the signature "Shawn P. Ellis."

Berry gave one copy of the ticket to the defendant, sent one copy to the highway patrol, *fn1 and retained a copy. Berry was uncertain of his Disposition of the "original" ticket, testifying that it was mailed from Troop E headquarters or that he or another highway patrol officer delivered it "to the clerk in the [Butler County] prosecutor's office or the clerk in the Judge's office."

The legal file contains a photocopy of the preprinted docket sheet from Butler County. *fn2 In the space denominated "Date Filed" is typed "5/26/92." A portion of the docket sheet labeled "Origin of Case" contains several preprinted options, including "1. Information/Complaint." In the blank space of that option is typed an "x," and the word "complaint" is stricken out. The lower two-thirds of the docket sheet is devoted to "Documents Filed/Action Taken in Case." This section contains no entry concerning the filing of an information.


On appeal, the defendant presents three arguments to support his contention that the trial court lacked jurisdiction to convict him. First he claims an absence of jurisdiction because "the information charging the offense had not been filed with the court."

As the defendant points out, misdemeanors shall be prosecuted by indictment or information. § 545.010, RSMo 1986; Rule 21.01. "The failure to file an information or indictment formally charging a defendant with a crime is a jurisdictional defect, and there can be no conviction obtained or punishment assessed in a case in which such a jurisdictional defect occurs." Turnage v. State, 782 S.W.2d 755, 760[3] (Mo.App. 1989). The defendant acknowledges that the prosecutor, by signing the bottom of the ticket, converted it to an information. See, e.g., State ex rel. Westfall v. Clifford, 617 S.W.2d 102, 103 (Mo.App. 1981). Nevertheless, he argues, the information was not filed because there is no docket sheet entry indicating the filing of the information under the heading "Documents Filed/Action Taken in Case."

An information is filed when it is deposited with the clerk of the court. State v. Havens, 177 S.W.2d 625, 630[16] (Mo. 1944); Durley v. State, 685 S.W.2d 284, 286[3] (Mo.App. 1985). The defendant makes no argument the information was not deposited with the court. Rather he relies solely on the absence under the heading "Documents Filed/Action Taken in Case" of an entry concerning filing of the information. This argument has no merit. Stamping an information or otherwise marking it "filed" is but evidence of the fact of its having been deposited. Havens, 177 S.W.2d at 630[16]; Durley, 685 S.W.2d at 286[2]. We believe a handwritten entry on the preprinted docket sheet under the heading "Documents Filed/Action Taken in Case" is of the same nature as a clerk's stamp on the face of a document: it would have been evidence of filing but not the filing itself.

When we look to other portions of the Butler County docket sheet, we find evidence of the filing of the information. In the section "Date Filed" at the top of the form is the date "5/26/92." The "Origin of Case" section ...

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