From the Circuit Court of the City of St. Louis; Criminal Appeal; Judge Richard J. Mehan.
Motion for Rehearing Overruled, Transfer Denied December 21, 1983.
Before Snyder, P.j., Dowd, C.j., Gaertner, J.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Dowd
Appellant Gene Autry Clark was found guilty of capital murder by a jury in the City of St. Louis and sentenced to life imprisonment. He appealed the judgment to the Supreme Court of Missouri which transferred the case to this court. We affirm.
Appellant is a former employee of the General Services Administration where he worked as a mechanic in the motor pool. He was discharged from this position in February of 1980 and appealed the dismissal through federal administrative channels. On October 10, 1980, appellant was notified that his appeal had been denied.
On October 15, 1980, appellant drove his auto into the motor pool garage, withdrew a semi-automatic shotgun, and immediately started shooting the weapon. Appellant fired three times, striking and injuring three persons. Appellant then walked into the nearby office of Wallace Dennis and accused Dennis of being responsible for appellant losing his job. Dennis pleaded with appellant to talk the matter over but appellant nonetheless fired two shots which fatally injured Dennis. Appellant next turned to an employee who was in the office and shot her as she attempted to escape.
The police arrested appellant at his home and asked him whether he had any weapons in his house. Appellant answered yes and led the officers to his bedroom where the police recovered a shotgun and a rifle.
During the arrest, appellant's wife, Mrs. Clark, was very upset and uncontrollable. The police officers testified that they believed she might try to harm herself or perhaps the officers, so they asked her if she had any firearms in the house. Without answering, Mrs. Clark walked down the hallway to a closet and unlocked the door. There, the police observed several long guns in cases. The officers removed these guns, one of which was later determined to be the gun used by appellant in the shootings at the motor pool.
Appellant raises four points on appeal. In his first point, appellant alleges that the trial court erred in denying appellant's motion for sequestration and individual voir dire of the jurors and in limiting the voir dire of the jury to certain "threshold questions" in the areas of the death penalty and prior psychiatric contacts. However, appellant has neglected to include the voir dire in the record on appeal.
Rule 81.12(c) places the ultimate responsibility for the preparation and filing of the transcript upon the appellant. The appellant has the burden of demonstrating error and therefore it is his obligation to prepare and file a transcript which incorporates the proceedings below wherein the trial court erred. Jackson v. State, 514 S.W.2d 532, 533 (Mo. 1974).
Without the record, we cannot determine whether or not the prospective jurors were sequestered or what questions were asked. Under the circumstances it is clear that appellant's first point is not reviewable on appeal. State v. Cleveland, 627 S.W.2d 600, 601 (Mo. 1982). *fn1
In appellant's second point, he contends that the trial court erred in denying appellant's motion challenging certain "death qualification" voir dire questions *fn2 because these resulted in a more conviction-prone jury, thereby denying appellant his right to a fair and impartial jury. We find that this point is similarly not reviewable on appeal because appellant failed to include the voir dire in the record on appeal. *fn3
Appellant, in his third point, alleges that the trial court erred in denying his motion to dismiss on the ground that Section 565.001, RSMo. 1978, the statute upon which the indictment was based, is violative of the Eighth Amendment of the United States Constitution and Article I, Section 21 of the Missouri Constitution because the sentence of death constitutes cruel and unusual punishment.
Although appellant was indicted for capital murder, the jury was not instructed on the death penalty and consequently, when found guilty, he was sentenced to life imprisonment. The existence of an actual controversy susceptible of some relief is essential to appellate jurisdiction. Hribernik v. Reorganized School District R-3 of Washington County, 276 S.W.2d 596, 598 (Mo. App. 1955). Courts are not organized to engage in the academic exercise of determining whether the sentence of death constitutes cruel and unusual punishment when, in a case ...